One of the most controversial Indian states Jammu and Kashmir is in headlines these days. The Indian government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has taken a huge step in the valley by revoking the existing Article 370, taking away the privileges enjoyed by the Kashmiris and political leaders in the state.
Kashmir controversy is basically a crisis between the two countries India and Pakistan. While going back in the Indian history, the territorial conflict over the most beautiful North-Indian state started after the Partition of India in 1947. Both India and Pakistan claim their control over the princely state and its population.
As has been noted, the Jammu and Kashmir region was divided into three parts with India administering Jammu, the Kashmir Valley, Ladakh and the Siachen Glacier, while Pakistan administers the Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.
China, being one of the most powerful economies, is also involved in the Kashmir controversy. It administers the mostly uninhabited Shaksgam Valley and the Aksai Chin region in Kashmir. With continuous wars between India and Pakistan, a Line of Control (LOC) was developed between the two nations’ controlled territories.
Despite the LOC, the armed conflict between the two nations have never stopped. Both the Indo-Pakistani officials blame each other for carrying out attacks in the areas surrounding the LOC. It appears that war is not a solution as both the countries have active control over nuclear weapons, although critics believe that it is also not an impossible task.
Amid the growing tensions, the Indian government’s revoking of Article 370 has received a mixed response from the Kashmiris. For years, the article has given a special privilege to the Muslim-majority state of Jammu and Kashmir, allowing them to have a separate constitution, a state flag and autonomy over the internal administration of the state.
Along with the cancellation of this article, there has been a widespread restriction on movement in the entire state and a telecommunications blackout remained in place. Moreover, prominent leaders are put under house arrest, while thousands of additional troops have been deployed in the region.
Pakistan’s government has taken up the fight on behalf of the Kashmiris, who have condemned the move as they remain restricted due to the curfew. On Wednesday, Pakistan announced to end the diplomatic relations and bilateral trade with India. The officials even claimed to take the issue to the United Nations Security Council.
Many others in the Kashmir valley have been rejoicing over the protective measure, which they believe would end the Kashmir controversy.
As a plus point, the non-Kashmiris could now buy properties in the state with the cancellation of Article 370. Both the Hindu and Muslim communities will now have control over the land in the controversial Jammu and Kashmir state. Though a lesser part of the Kashmiri-Muslims fear that the move would provoke the Hindu nationalist agenda throughout the state with their rights being thwarted.